Mending the Lines: Oil, War and Security

  ON LINES AND FENCES: LABOUR, COMMUNITY AND VIOLENCE IN AN OIL CITY Rasmus Christian Elling Published in: Urban Violence in the Middle East     While the Iranian labour movement undoubtedly perceived the Company as nothing but an extension of British imperialism, the Company could also be seen in a more nuanced light: as…

Crossing the Lines: the Bahmashir Incident

  ON LINES AND FENCES: LABOUR, COMMUNITY AND VIOLENCE IN AN OIL CITY Rasmus Christian Elling Published in: Urban Violence in the Middle East   On 19 December 1942, two separate episodes of violence led to the Bahmashir Incident. In subsequent reports, the Labour Superintendent recounted that around 2 p.m., three Indian soldiers had gone…

Arab Mobilization and the Politics of Fear

  War of Clubs: Struggle for Space in Abadan and the 1946 Oil Strike Rasmus Christian Elling, University of Copenhagen Published in: Violence and the City in the Modern Middle East Throughout 1946, Arab sheikhs repeatedly complained to the Company about Tudeh’s aggressive campaigning. In Abadan’s rural hinterland, Arabs violently confronted itinerant Tudeh propagandists, and…

Tribes, Workers and Unrest in the Oil City

  War of Clubs: Struggle for Space in Abadan and the 1946 Oil Strike Rasmus Christian Elling, University of Copenhagen Published in: Violence and the City in the Modern Middle East   By the 1910s, a modus vivendi had been established between the Company and Sheikh Khaz’al. The former lent the latter recognition, external protection,…

Securing Output: Abadan under the Company’s Aegis

War of Clubs: Struggle for Space in Abadan and the 1946 Oil Strike Rasmus Christian Elling, University of Copenhagen Published in: Violence and the City in the Modern Middle East   Abadan’s modern history is inextricably tied to that of the Anglo-Persian— later Anglo-Iranian—Oil Company (henceforth, “the Company”). When oil was struck in Iran in…

Hypotheses Testing and Historical Analysis

Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951 Chapter 5: The AIOC’s Stock Market reaction to nationalisation: Event Analysis and empirical results AUTHOR : NEVEEN ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK This section proposes three related and alternative hypotheses to be examined using a data set of historical quantitative variables. The…

Market Efficiency and Data

Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951 Chapter 5: The AIOC’s Stock Market reaction to nationalisation: Event Analysis and empirical results AUTHOR : NEVEEN ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK As previously mentioned, the event should be unanticipated and the magnitude of abnormal performance is consistent with market efficiency since…

Response of Fraser to Iranian accusations: Empirical Evidence

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC AUTHOR : NEVEEN ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK  Fraser was aware that the existing concession gave advantage to the AIOC. He therefore stressed that the company should not request the amendment of the…

Company’s shares

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC AUTHOR : NEVEEN ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK The Memorandum invoked the Iranian government‟s desire to convert Iran‟s participation in the company‟s reserves into the form of shares of the company, as in the…

The price of oil products and Period of the concession

From “Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951” Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC AUTHOR : NEVEEN ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK In view of the importance of cheap fuel in the economic life of Iran, it was necessary that the sale price of petrol in Persia should…

Iranian Claims and AIOC Counter claims: Empirical Evidence

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york The 1933 concession and the Supplemental Agreement had a number of key points which proved controversial and resulted in the issuance of Gidel‟s Memorandum. The Memorandum…

The 1933 concession: Claims and Counter Claims

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 4: Profit distribution by the AIOC Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york In the light of the literature reviewed in chapter 2, the question of distribution of oil income continued to be a major source of rising conflict…

Review of empirical evidence

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york The above discussion has re-considered the claims and counter claims of the AIOC and Iranian representatives in the light of Fraser‟s public and private correspondence. Historical evidence…

The Public and Private position of the AIOC senior management

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen Abdelrehim | The university of york Part of Fraser‟s strategy was to use financial reporting as a means of communication to maintain employee confidence. In view of nationalisation and the associated uncertainties from…

Housing

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : NEVEEN Abdelrehim | The university of york Since 1933, the company was only concerned to provide houses and amenities to British staff and Iranians married to British citizens[406]. The company was keen on providing…

«Iranian» claims for discrimination within the AIOC: Empirical evidence

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 3: Employee relations and Iranianisation Author : Neveen  Abdelrehim | The university of york The nationalisation crisis brought the topic of discrimination into sharp focus and it became the subject of claim and counter-claim from the company‟s board and Iranian nationalist…

Mossadegh’s motivations for nationalisation

From «Oil Nationalisation and Managerial Disclosure: The Case of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 1933-1951» Chapter 2: AIOC History, oil and Iranian politics. AUTHOR: NEVEEN  ABDELREHIM | THE UNIVERSITY OF YORK   After the Second World War, oil played an important role in world economics and Iranian people wanted the AIOC to adopt the same attitude to…

Labour Activism Encounters Nationalism

Credit: Touraj Atabaki from «Studies in History: Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry» source: Jawaharlal Nehru University. The dialectics between nationalism and labour movements during colonial rule in Asia and Africa have been the subject of a few major studies.[63] Increasingly, large-scale labour migrations became a feature…

Abadan, a Triple City

Credit: Touraj Atabaki from «Studies in History: Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry» source: Jawaharlal Nehru University.   In her seminal study of colonial urbanization in Morocco, Janet Lughod refers to Rabat as a dual city, with sharply segregated urban spaces of the colonizer and the colonized.[48]…

The Urban Process in Abadan 1929-1941

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” After highly protracted and contentious negotiations that began in 1928 the Iranian government granted a new 60-year oil concession to APOC in 1933. At one point…

Successive Waves of Industrialization and Labor Activism

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” The history of industrialization in the interwar era can be roughly divided into two periods: 1919-1931 and 1931-1941. In the first period, the government facilitated and…

Labor Activism in the interwar years

Credit: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” The consolidation of the oil complex brought with it new forms of labor activism among the industrial working class. The new collective political agency of the…

Labor Troubles in an Expanding Boomtown

 Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University   From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)”    Labor recruitment was a major challenge facing APOC, especially in the first two decades of its operation in Iran. The Company had to cast a…

Labor and the Social Question in Interwar Abadan

  Author: Kaveh Ehsani, Leiden University  [ From “The social history of labor in the Iranian oil industry : the built environment and the making of the industrial working class (1908-1941)” ]   As APOC’s operations kept expanding exponentially throughout the war years, the challenge of recruiting and maintaining an adequate labor force took on…